Big Meadow to Dardanelles Lake for Wildflowers

The Big Meadow trailhead is the start for a number of excellent wildflower hikes in the South Lake Tahoe area. Want a short hike to see a beautiful meadow with wildflowers? Start at Big Meadow! Want a long hike out to a beautiful mountain lake with many kinds of wildflowers on the way? Start at Big Meadow! For this hike we started at Big Meadow and continued on to Dardanelles Lake, and we found a great abundance and variety of wildflowers. This was about an 8 mile round trip hike, but you can make it much shorter and still see many wildflowers.

Click on any photograph to see a larger image.

Minute willowherb, Epilobium minutum

Minute willowherb, Epilobium minutum

The Hike

The hike I’m describing here is an out-and-back hike of about 8 miles with a fair amount of elevation change. You start off at 7200 feet and climb up to 8100 feet, then back down to 7600, and then you retrace your steps. If that is too much, you can shorten this to 5 miles and still see many wonderful flowers. If that is still too much, just hike to Big Meadow, which is about 2 to 2.5 miles round trip, and you still have great wildflowers (just not as much variety).

The Big Meadow trailhead is a part of the Tahoe Rim Trail. From the parking lot you cross over Highway 89 (watch for speeding cars!) and head up a slope on a trail that is mostly broken granite boulders. I should mention, though, that it took me at least 20 minutes to just get out of the parking area, as there were quite a few wildflowers right there.

Big Meadow trail Lake Tahoe

Trail leading up from the highway

Bridges' gilia (Navarretia leptalea)

Bridges’ gilia (Navarretia leptalea)

After roughly a mile you come to the edge of Big Meadow. The trail branches here, with the trail to Scotts Lake heading to the southeast along the edge of the meadow. You want to head straight south into the meadow, across Big Meadow Creek. There is a bridge across the creek, but early in the season this will be hard to cross without getting wet.

Big Meadow Tahoe Rim Trail

Big Meadow

The meadow was full of flowers, including Meadow penstemon, several kinds of asters, American bistort, and more. It is a great destination for wildflowers.

Heading out, we crossed this mid-day, and the mosquitoes weren’t that noticeable. On the way back, in the evening, mosquitoes made their presence known. We also came across a variety of butterflies looking for moisture and minerals right in the pathway.

Big Meadow butterflies

There is a well-established trail across the meadow. On this hike the path was mostly dry and easy to traverse.

After you cross the meadow the trail winds uphill gently, through mixed forest with a number of smaller glades. There were quite a few different flowers along this section. Some of these open spots were dry, with an abundance of Pretty face and Arrowleaf balsamroot, others had streams or springs with Macloskey’s violets, Alpine shooting stars, and more.

Macloskey's violet (Viola macloskeyi)

Macloskey’s violet (Viola macloskeyi)

About 2.5 miles in you come to a crest with a view of the snow-covered mountains ahead. This is a good point to decide on how far you want to go. Turn around here, you will finish with a 5 mile hike at altitude with a lot of flowers. Perhaps we should have turned around here?

If you continue, the trail winds down a steep slope, and it is another 1.5 miles to the lake. That means another 3 miles round trip on top of everything. Keep in mind that you have to come back this same way, which means that you will have to climb up this slope. If we had been smart we would have turned back here, because 8 miles at this altitude isn’t all that easy. However, it was worth the effort, because after you descend this section there is a another selection of wildflowers different than what you’ve seen so far. Plus beautiful streams and a wonderful lake!

At the bottom of the hill there will be a branch in the trail with a signpost. These signs can be confusing if you don’t know all of the features in the area. You don’t want to head towards Round Lake (which is a different hike), instead you want to take the branch that is marked “Lake Valley”, heading north.

This is a great area for Snow plants! Such a fascinating plant. There were many scattered about in the forest near the trail.

Snow plant (Sarcodes sanguinea)

Snow plant (Sarcodes sanguinea)

Just short of 3 miles you come to a another marked branch in the trail. Turn west towards Dardanelles Lake.

There will be several stream crossings. This time of year we didn’t have much difficulty with these crossings, but earlier in the year you may get wet.

Dardanelles Lake trail stream crossing

Around 3 1/2 mile in we found that the trail was flooded with all of the snow runoff. At this point we were hopping from one downed tree to another alongside the trail.

Dardanelles Lake trail

That isn’t a stream, it’s the trail!

After this, a short climb over a ridge, and you are at Dardanelles Lake!

Dardanelles Lake

Dardanelles Lake

Here’s the track that we followed:

Move your mouse along the elevation graph below the map to show the location on the map. Refresh the page if you need to re-center the image.

Timing is Everything

This trip was taken in the first week of July in a year where we had a lot of winter snow. The flowers were at their peak, the meadow wasn’t too wet to cross, and the streams were easily crossed. Temperatures were in the low to mid 80’s by midday, but that wasn’t too bad because much of the trail is shaded.

If we had gone earlier this year we would have gotten very wet, as the streams would have been covering the bridge (at the meadow) and the rocks we used to cross streams nearer the lake. However, in a normal snow year, you might consider going in mid to late June.

This is a popular trailhead, so if you can go on a weekday you will avoid a crowd.

Directions

The trailhead is on Highway 89 south of South Lake Tahoe. The road to the parking lot is well marked. A good amount of parking, but it will probably be crowded on summer weekends. There are toilets.

The trail is open to hikers, mountain bikers and equestrians, so you will share the trail. It wasn’t a problem for us at all (on a weekday).

 

Big Meadow Wildflowers

Please feel free to help me with the identification of any “unidentified” flowers listed here, as well as correcting any errors I may make. Click on any photograph to see a larger image

Scarlet gilia always reminds me of fireworks. Lots of this near the parking lot, and at other spots along the trail.

Scarlet gilia (Ipomopsis aggregata)

Scarlet gilia (Ipomopsis aggregata)

Crimson columbine can be found along many Sierra streams, but I still get excited when I find it. Such striking colors.

Crimson columbine (Aquilegia formosa)

Crimson columbine (Aquilegia formosa)

Another Sierra flower with brilliant colors is Mountain pride, mostly found near Dardanelles Lake this time.

Mountain pride (Penstemon newberryi)

Mountain pride (Penstemon newberryi)

While there are many large and showy flowers, I also enjoyed finding many “microflowers”, plants that are low to the ground and have flowers that are very small. Look close and you will find beautiful plants that many hikers may miss!

Few flowered blue eyed mary (Collinsia parviflora)

Few flowered blue eyed mary (Collinsia parviflora)

Tuber starwort is a small flower, but I find it quite striking.

Tuber starword (Pseudostellaria jamesiana)

Tuber starword (Pseudostellaria jamesiana)

Common names for some plants don’t do justice for the attractiveness of the flower!

Toad lily (Montia chamissoi)

Toad lily (Montia chamissoi)

In the glades past Big Meadow we found more Pretty face than I think I’ve seen in one place.

Pretty face (Triteleia ixioides)

Pretty face (Triteleia ixioides)

I always get excited when I find native orchids. This is one of the reasons why you want to take the longer hike towards the lake, as we found these along the streams farther in the hike.

Sierra bog orchid (Platanthera dilatata var. leucostachys)

Sierra bog orchid (Platanthera dilatata var. leucostachys)

Sparse flowered bog orchid (Platanthera sparsiflora)

Sparse flowered bog orchid (Platanthera sparsiflora)

In addition to what I show above, we found (these are in the slideshow):

  • Bigleaf lupine (Lupinus polyphyllus)
  • Sierra onion (Allium campanulatum)
  • Common yarrow (Achillea millefolium)
  • Whiskerbrush (Leptosiphon ciliatus)
  • Slender monkeyflower (Mimulus leptaleus)
  • Suksdorf’s monkeyflower (Mimulus suksdorfii)
  • Seep monkey flower (Mimulus guttatus)
  • Dwarf groundsmoke (Gayophytum humile)
  • Green headed rush (Juncus chlorocephalus)
  • Sticky cinquefoil (Drymocallis glandulosa)
  • Slender cinquefoil (Potentilla gracilis)
  • Fendler’s meadow rue (Thalictrum fendleri), both male and female plants
  • Lemmon’s catchfly (Silene lemmonii)
  • Coyote mint (Monardella odoratissima)
  • Side grooved cryptantha (Cryptantha affinis)
  • Spreading dogbane (Apocynum androsaemifolium)
  • Mountain butterweed (Senecio integerrimus)
  • Coulter’s daisy ((Erigeron coulteri)
  • Shining fleabane (Erigeron barbellulatus)
  • Pussy paws (Calyptridium umbellatum)
  • Meadow pussytoes (Antennaria corymbosa)
  • Western wallflower (Erysimum capitatum)
  • Harsh popcorn flower (Plagiobothrys hispidulus)
  • Rydberg’s penstemon (Penstemon rydbergii)
  • American bistort (Bistorta bistortoides)
  • Meadow larkspur (Delphinium nuttallianum)
  • California valerian (Valeriana californica)
  • Nevada lewisia (Lewisia nevadensis)
  • American speedwell (Veronica americana)
  • Waterleaf phacelia (Phacelia hydrophylloides)
  • Baker’s violet (Viola bakeri)
  • Arrowleaf balsamroot (Balsamorhiza sagittata)
  • Woolly mule ears (Wyethia mollis)
  • Jessica’s stickseed (Hackelia micrantha)
  • Alpine shooting star (Primula tetrandra)
  • Bulbous woodland star (Lithophragma glabrum)
  • Feathery false lily of the valley (Maianthemum racemosum)
  • Fringed willowherb (Epilobium ciliatum)
  • Monkshood (Aconitum columbianum)
  • California corn lily (Veratrum californicum var. californicum)
  • Streamside bluebells (Mertensia ciliata)
  • Mountain jewelflower (Streptanthus tortuosus)
  • Wax currant (Ribes cereum)
  • Sticky currant (Ribes viscosissimum)
  • Red elderberry (Sambucus racemosa)
  • Double honeysuckle (Lonicera conjugialis)
  • Bitterbrush (Purshia tridentata)
  • Brewer’s mountain heather (Phyllodoce breweri)
  • Castilleja spp.
  • Ranunculus spp.
  • Unidentified asters

You can see larger copies of all of the photos in the slide show below (and purchase copies, if you wish) at the Charlie Russell Nature Photography website.

Charlie Russell Nature Photography

Leave a Comment